نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بوشهر. (نویسنده مسئول)
2 استاد دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بوشهر.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Some jurists consider human rights to be part of the common heritage of humanity, which is at the heart of this universal idea. Examining international and regional documents and the views of legal thinkers (doctrine), we conclude that the universal nature of human rights has been accepted as an inviolable principle. On the other hand, cultural diversity as a social necessity of the international community can be protected to the extent that its application does not lead to the denial of this principle and rules of human rights, which will result in nothing but ethnic-religious violence. The importance of the issue of human rights and the need to establish effective mechanisms to closely monitor the implementation of its norms have led to the provision of various mechanisms in the human rights system. "Independent fact-finding missions" are an example of such monitoring mechanisms that have been recognized internationally and regionally. This monitoring system, along with other important systems such as "reporting procedure" and "litigation (litigation)" are among the most important human rights monitoring mechanisms. The main purpose of using all these regulatory systems is to promote the compliance of states with their human rights obligations, and thus to ensure that states respect human rights norms and commit to examining specific human rights situations. In the present study, this monitoring system is briefly introduced