نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 کارشناس ارشد حقوق تجارت بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی تهران. (نویسنده مسئول)
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق، دانشگاه تهران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
With the end of World War II, a new era began in the lives of nations and governments. Developments in international relations have been influenced by new factors and data, including the role of multinational corporations. Multinational companies operated in order to expand their activities in the world and invest in the industrial hubs of developing countries and use the facilities of such countries. Economic strength and high competition between companies and flexibility with domestic regulations as well as the ability to influence the sovereignty of countries and domestic regulations are the hallmarks of these companies. In addition, due to the activities of these companies in two or more different countries, the main subject of the lawsuits filed against these companies is the conflict of laws of the countries where the company's residence or property is located. Because litigation requires the determination of the competent court, before the conflict of laws, there is a conflict of courts or a conflict of jurisdiction, which must be resolved within the framework of legal provisions. Another point is that in some cases, the problem of conflict of laws and courts has been resolved to some extent, but due to the inconsistency of domestic laws in some other cases, this problem remains unresolved, which must inevitably seek a solution in contract law. . In this study, an attempt has been made to examine multinational companies from the perspective of Iranian law as well as the issue of conflict of laws and courts.